文章摘要
周 泓.中古汉地之西域文化[J].民族学刊,2017,8(5):21-34, 102-104
中古汉地之西域文化
The Generation of Culture of the Western Region in Han Areas during the Mediaeval Period
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2017.05.03
中文关键词: 西域文化  社会文化生成  历史生成  中古汉地
英文关键词: culture of the western region  generation of society and culture  generation of history  Han area during the Mediaeval Period
基金项目:
作者单位
周 泓 中国社会科学院民族学与人类学研究所 
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中文摘要:
      社会文化生成与历史生成相互促生。文化生成主要在于文化接触、交往交融而形成复合文化。社会生成,主要指不同形态社会力量(生产方式、主体等)碰撞交流,形成新的社会特质。历史生成,因历史过程、历史事件尤其朝代更替或政权变更,使主体及其文化迁移或滞留,而产生新的社会主体或结构。即历史生成实质涵括或促动社会文化生成。同时,社会与文化生成积淀或敦促历史生成。族属、信仰之转换、转向通常基于文化、社会和历史的生成。即历史生成往往基于社会文化生成。自古代经中世纪至近代,西域文化不断东渐中土,与南北方汉文化交融生成,逐步成为现今汉文化的重要构成。此亦历史生成之内容。
英文摘要:
      The formation or generation of a society and culture and the formation of history usually mutually promote each other. The generation or birth of a culture mainly lies in the formation of a fused, compound culture which is the result of cultural contacts and interactions. Social generation mainly refers to the formation of new social traits after the collision and communication among different forms of social forces (modes of production, subjects, etc.). The formation of history means that due to the historical process or historical events, especially the change of dynasties or regimes, the subjects and their cultures either migrated or were detained, thereby, producing new social subjects or structures. That is, the generation of history actually includes or promotes the generation of society and culture. Meanwhile, the generation of society and culture might accumulate or promote the generation of history. With regard to the change or shift of ethnicity and the belief, it is often based on the generation of culture, society and history. That is, the generation of history is often based on the generation of society and culture. Since ancient times through the Mediaeval Period, the culture of the western region constantly spread eastward to the central areas of mainland China. It fused with Han culture from both the South and North, and gradually become an important component of today’s Han culture. This is also the content of historical generation.
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