文章摘要
周 莉,解梦伟,曾俊华.羌族刺绣中云纹符号的文化内涵与审美特征[J].民族学刊,2017,8(5):41-46, 109-110
羌族刺绣中云纹符号的文化内涵与审美特征
The Cultural Connotation and Aesthetic Features of the Cloud Symbol in the Embroidery of the Qiang
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2017.05.05
中文关键词: 羌族刺绣  云纹符号  文化内涵  艺术审美特征
英文关键词: Qiang embroidery  cloud symbol  cultural connotation  artistic aesthetic characteristics
基金项目:
作者单位
周 莉 西南民族大学城建学院 
解梦伟 云南民族大学艺术学院 
曾俊华 西南民族大学艺术学院 
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中文摘要:
      阿坝州羌族文化艺术中的羌族刺绣,作为第二批国家级非物质文化遗产保护名录之一,承载着独具羌族特征的文化信息与艺术审美特征,羌族刺绣中的云纹符号既反映出羌族人民本真的生活写照,同时也体现了羌族文化特质与艺术审美特征。云纹作为最具特色的羌族传统纹饰,变化最为丰富、功能特色最多、对人们日常生活影响最大,在我国的传统纹饰艺术中占有重要的位置。它的文化内涵更多的是一种民族情感的表达方式,变幻无穷的云朵带给人们无限的想象空间,而人们将这种变换无穷的形态总结归纳为云纹,并应用在社会生活的方方面面,从而实现人对原始宗教、原始观念的情绪表达,并产生吉祥、平和、美好的意义,成为代表羌族文明的文化符号象征。本文选取典型的云纹纹样进行比较,研究云纹的造型种类、色彩、构图和表现手法,分析羌族刺绣中云纹的艺术特征,并进行系统的理论阐述,进一步探究云纹所蕴含的民族文化与精神内核。
英文摘要:
      Qiang embroidery in culture and art of the Qiang in Aba, as one item included in the Tier Two of national intangible cultural heritage protection, embodies unique cultural information and artistic aesthetic features of the Qiang. The cloud symbol in Qiang embroidery not only reflects a portrayal of the life of the Qiang people, but also reflects their ethnic cultural characteristics and artistic aesthetic characteristics. As the most unique traditional pattern of the Qiang, the cloud pattern is a basic pattern which exhibits a wide degree of variation; it also has functional features; and because it holds an important place within the traditional patterns of China, it strongly influences people’s daily life. As for its cultural connotation, it is a way to express ethnic emotion. The irregular changes of the shape of the cloud pattern provides people with unlimited imaginary space, and people take these irregular variations of the shape of the cloud pattern, and apply it into various aspects of their social life. In this way, the cloud pattern realizes people’s emotional expression within their primitive religion, or primitive concepts. These symbols or patterns express auspiciousness, peacefulness, and goodness. They have become a cultural symbol representing the Qiang’s civilization. This article conducts a comparative study on several selected typical cloud patterns of the Qiang. It analyzes their types, colors, composition, and techniques of expression, as well as their artistic features within Qiang embroidery. Finally, the article further explores the ethnic culture and spiritual core contained in the pattern.
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